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MOSES Event Chains

MOSES targets four event chains: heat waves, hydrological extremes, ocean eddies and the thawing of permafrost. The following questions are being adressed:
–  What impact do heatwaves have on water resources, vegetation and air quality?
–  How does flooding of terrestrial ecosystems change coastal regions?
–  How do ocean eddies influence marine energy transport and oceanic food chains?
–  What amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases is released during the thawing of Arctic permafrost soils?


Event Chain "Hydrological Extremes"

The event chain approach for investigating hydrological extremes aims at a better understanding of the interactions between short-term hydrological events causing large-scale floods and their long-term ecosystem effects. In this context, COSYNA provides and expands its observational capabilities for investigating flood event in the Elbe river system.


For explanation see the following text.

Measurement Infrastructure for Hydrologic Extremes

MOSES measurement infrastructure for observing hydrologic extremes using the following modules: module biota with (1) Functional microbiome changes measured by online metagenomics and metabolomics, (11) Mobile mesocosms, (12) Stream research vessel; module flow and sediment dynamics with (2) Buoy with multi-parameter sensors, (6) Vertical profilers for coastal and limnic sensors, (7) Underwater nodes with surface buoys, (13) River flow and sediment monitoring system; module water balance with (3) Soil moisture determination using mobile Cosmic Ray sensors, (4) Mobile hydrogeophysics to determine subsurface soil properties, (5) Gravimeter unit for water storage monitoring; module autonomous vehicles with (8) Swarm of underwater-robots, (9) Ocean gliders; module coastal and marine mobile systems with (10) Container with lab equipment, (18) Airborne IR and hyperspectral cameras, (19) Coastal research vessel; module atmospheric dynamics with (14) Lidar, X-Band-Radar, wind with KITcube, (15) Ballon sondes for water vapour, ice particles and tracer; module soil and water quality with (16) UAV for monitoring water quality and vegetation; module fixed point observatories with (17) VHF-Radar system.


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