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MOSES Event Chains

MOSES targets four event chains: heat waves, hydrological extremes, ocean eddies and the thawing of permafrost. The following questions are being adressed:
–  What impact do heatwaves have on water resources, vegetation and air quality?
–  How does flooding of terrestrial ecosystems change coastal regions?
–  How do ocean eddies influence marine energy transport and oceanic food chains?
–  What amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases is released during the thawing of Arctic permafrost soils?

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Event Chain "Hydrological Extremes"

The event chain approach for investigating hydrological extremes aims at a better understanding of the interactions between short-term hydrological events causing large-scale floods and their long-term ecosystem effects. In this context, COSYNA provides and expands its observational capabilities for investigating flood event in the Elbe river system.

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For explanation see the following text.

Measurement Infrastructure for Hydrologic Extremes

MOSES measurement infrastructure for observing hydrologic extremes using the following modules: module biota with (1) Functional microbiome changes measured by online metagenomics and metabolomics, (11) Mobile mesocosms, (12) Stream research vessel; module flow and sediment dynamics with (2) Buoy with multi-parameter sensors, (6) Vertical profilers for coastal and limnic sensors, (7) Underwater nodes with surface buoys, (13) River flow and sediment monitoring system; module water balance with (3) Soil moisture determination using mobile Cosmic Ray sensors, (4) Mobile hydrogeophysics to determine subsurface soil properties, (5) Gravimeter unit for water storage monitoring; module autonomous vehicles with (8) Swarm of underwater-robots, (9) Ocean gliders; module coastal and marine mobile systems with (10) Container with lab equipment, (18) Airborne IR and hyperspectral cameras, (19) Coastal research vessel; module atmospheric dynamics with (14) Lidar, X-Band-Radar, wind with KITcube, (15) Ballon sondes for water vapour, ice particles and tracer; module soil and water quality with (16) UAV for monitoring water quality and vegetation; module fixed point observatories with (17) VHF-Radar system.

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